Psychiatry: A human rights perspective

Hal­lo,

wir möcht­en auf die offizielle, englis­chsprachige Veröf­fentlich­gung “psy­chi­a­try: a human rights per­spec­tive” von Amnesty Inter­na­tion­al aufmerk­sam machen. Sie kön­nen das Doku­ment hier herun­ter­laden:

psy­chi­a­try-a_hu­man_right­s_per­spec­tive

Die Veröf­fentlichung trägt das Zeichen ACT 75/003/1995.

Die englis­chsprachige Ein­leitung kön­nen Sie hier direkt lesen:

Psy­chi­a­trists work to relieve patients of anx­i­ety and suf­fer­ing caused by men­tal ill­ness and stress­ful expe­ri­ences.
In doing this they are expect­ed, like all doc­tors, to adhere to prin­ci­ples of med­ical ethics and to safe­guard the rights of their patients. How­ev­er, psy­chi­a­try has the poten­tial to impinge on fun­da­men­tal indi­vid­ual rights and per­son­al lib­er­ty in a way which is dis­tinc­tive­ly dif­fer­ent from oth­er areas of med­i­cine. This is so because (i) it focus­es on indi­vid­ual thought and behav­iour to a far greater extent than occurs in oth­er clin­i­cal dis­ci­plines; and (ii) it is an area of med­i­cine in which sig­nif­i­cant­ly more pow­ers are grant­ed to med­ical pro­fes­sion­als to deprive indi­vid­u­als of their lib­er­ty or over-ride their expressed will on med­ical grounds.

Amnesty Inter­na­tion­al has had a long-stand­ing inter­est in cer­tain aspects of the inter­play of psy­chi­a­try and human rights as they relate to the organization’s own work. This reflects the prac­ti­cal and the­o­ret­i­cal link­age between indi­vid­ual rights and what psy­chi­a­trists and oth­er men­tal health pro­fes­sion­als do to restrict those rights through legal or extra-legal mea­sures. It also results from oth­er impor­tant issues such as the sever­i­ty of men­tal suf­fer­ing caused by human rights vio­la­tions which leads many of those affect­ed to seek pro­fes­sion­al psy­chi­atric help, and from the increas­ing role of psy­chi­a­trists in the death penal­ty.

The pur­pose of this paper is to set out those con­cerns of Amnesty Inter­na­tion­al which are of par­tic­u­lar rel­e­vance to psy­chi­a­trists and, indeed, oth­er men­tal health pro­fes­sion­als. It will present a case for a greater involve­ment of psy­chi­a­trists in the pro­tec­tion of human rights through their pro­fes­sion­al work and through the activ­i­ties of pro­fes­sion­al asso­ci­a­tions.

 

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